Healthy gums are firm rather than puffy. When the gums are affected by disease or irritation, however, they can become swollen. Gum swelling is a sign of inflammation, and the problem may become worse if left unchecked. If the swelling persists, Houston patients should find out the cause through a professional exam. Read more about what causes swollen gums and how it can fixed below.
Gum Disease: The Most Common Culprit
Most cases of gum swelling result from gum disease, a condition that ranges from mild gingivitis to severe periodontitis. In this condition, bacteria accumulate along and beneath the gum line, where they irritate and attack soft tissues. Along with swollen gums, patients afflicted with gum disease may suffer from gum bleeding, soreness, and redness, as well as bad breath. Without treatment, the condition can eventually cause serious infections and tooth loss.
Other Reasons for Swollen Gums
Gums can become swollen in several ways beyond gum disease. If the gums are irritated by rough brushing or flossing, for example, they may become inflamed in response. The use of alcohol or tobacco can also cause the gums to swell. A variety of systemic conditions can make the gums swell, including vitamin C deficiency and allergic reactions.
Treating Swollen Gums
The method recommended to recover normal gum health depends on what is causing the tissues to swell. If systemic conditions are to blame, our dentist may recommend patients visit a Houston doctor. In most cases, however, gum disease is involved, and our dentist can provide clinical treatment and advice to reverse the condition. Preventing gum swelling from brushing and flossing may be as simple as using gentler techniques, a softer toothbrush, and waxed dental floss.
Without an exam, it is impossible to know for sure what is causing gum swelling. Considering the risks of complications if certain conditions are left untreated, a check-up is warranted when this swelling persists. Development of more symptoms, such as an abscess, may necessitate a prompt visit to our Houston emergency dentist. At a consultation with Dr. Nazari, you can learn more about the reasons and treatments for swollen gums.
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